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北航12年6月课程考试《综合英语2》考核试题(二)

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                   北航12年6月课程考试《综合英语2》考核试题(二)
 

一、单选题(共 20 道试题,共 40 分。)
 1.  You may drop in or just give me a call. ___ will do.
A. Either
B. Each
C. Neither
D. All
     
2.  He abandoned a career that ____ to his becoming one of the most influential people in the world.
A. could have led
B. would lead
C. should have led
D. must lead
     
3.  I don't think we've met before. You're taking me for ___.
A. some other
B. someone else
C. other person
D. one other
    
4.  The doctor advised Vera strongly that she should take a holiday, but ___ didn't help.
A. it
B. she
C. which
D. he
     
5.  I walked in our garden, ___Tom and Jim were tying a big sign onto one of the trees.
A. which
B. when
C. where
D. that
     
6.  The biggest whale is ___ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long—the height of ___ 9-story building.
A. the; the
B. a; a
C. a; the
D. the; a
     
7.  I made a call to my parents yesterday. To my disappointment,____ of them answered it.
A. either
B. none
C. neither
D. nobody
     
8.  The owner of the cinema needed to make a lot of improvements and employ more people to keep it running, ___ meant spending tens of thousands of pounds.
A. who
B. that
C. as
D. which
     
9.  Sorry, officer. I__at 80 miles but I didn't see any sign in the area telling people how fast they can drive.
A. should not drive
B. shouldn't have driven
C. mustn't drive
D. can't drive
    
10.  The teacher has his students ____ a composition every other week.
A. to write
B. written
C. writing
D. write
    
11.  In the dark forests ___, some large enough to hold several English towns.
A. stand many lakes
B. lie many lakes
C. many lakes lie
D. many lakes stand
    
12.  Mary never does any reading in the evening, ___.
A. so does John
B. John does too
C. John doesn't too
D. nor does John
    
13.  For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit ___ on his own farm.
A. grown
B. being grown
C. to be grown
D. to grow
     
14.  It is because he is kind and modest____he wins the respect of others.
A. what
B. which
C. why
D. that
    
15.  To succeed in a scientific experiment,____
A. one needs being patient person
B. patience is to need
C. one needs to be patient
D. patience is what needed
    
16.  The dish____terrible! I don't like it at all.
A. tastes
B. tasted
C. will taste
D. is tasted
    
17.  Why not___Professor Li for help? He is kind-hearted and willing to help.
A. ask
B. you ask
C. to ask
D. your asking
     
18.  —Maggie had a wonderful time at the party. —___, and so did I.
A. So she had
B. So had she
C. So she did
D. So did she
     
19.  Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003, ___he studied very hard and was made chairman of the Students' Union.
A. during which time
B. for which time
C. during whose time
D. by that time
     
20.  At first he hated the new job but decided to give himself a few months to see ___ it got any better.
A. when
B. how
C. why
D. if
     
二、阅读理解(共 3 道试题,共 60 分。)
                                                                    (A)
  Some people seem to have a skill in learning languages. They can pick up new vocabulary, master rules or grammar, and learn to write in the new more quickly than others. They do not seem to be any more intelligent(聪明的) than others, so what makes language learning so much easier for them ? Perhaps if we take a close look at these successful language learners we may discover a few of the techniques that make language learning easier for them.
      First of all, successful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher; they discover their own ways to learn the language. Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves. They are good guessers who look for clues (线索) and form their own conclusions (结论). When they guess wrong, they guess again. They try to learn from their mistakes.
      Successful language learning is active learning. Therefore, they do not wait for a chance to use the language; they look for such a chance. They find people who speak the language and they ask these people to correct them when they make mistakes. They will try anything to communicate. They are not afraid to repeat what hear or to say strange things; they are willing to make mistakes and try again. When communication is difficult, they can accept information that is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word.
      Finally, successful language learners are learners with a purpose. They want to learn the language because they are interested in the language and the people who speak it. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people. They find it easy to practice using the language regularly(经常的) because they want to learn with it.
      If your language learning has been less than successful, you might do well to try some of these techniques. 
1). Successful language learners find it easy to practice using the language regularly because .
A. they can repeat what they hear or say strange things
B. they pick up and remember inexact or incomplete information
C. they are willing to make mistakes and try again
D. they want to learn with the language
     
2). The main idea of the third paragraph is that successful language learners .
A. always try to remember the meaning of every new word
B. are not afraid to make mistakes
C. are active in language learning
D. are willing to accept inexact or incomplete information
    
3). Successful language learners are not .
A. independent learners
B. always do some active learning
C. learning with a purpose
D. making no misake
     
4). What can be inferred from the text?
A. Successful language learners are cleverer.
B. Making mistakes is sometimes helpful.
C. The techniques of successful language learners seem easier to master.
D. Unsuccessful language learners are more interested in how to learn a language well.
     
5). The writer wrote this text in order to .
A. encourage language learners to use these techniques
B. explain why language is difficult to learn
C. compare language learning with other types of learning
D. help language learners to communicate with others
      
                                                                          (B)
    Every year more and more plants and animals disappear never to be seen again. Strangely, it is the most intelligent but most thoughtless animal that is causing most of the problems—man. Nature is very carefully balanced and if this balance is disturbed, animals can disappear alarmingly(令人担忧地) fast. Every day, thousands of species of animals draw closer to extinction. There are countless numbers of species which may become extinct before they are even discovered.
      In many lakes the fish are dying. Fishermen are worried because every year there are fewer fish and some lakes have no fish at all. Scientists are beginning to get worried too. What is killing the fish?
      The problem is acid rain. Acid rain is a kind of air pollution. It is caused by factories that burn coal or oil or gas. These factories send smoke high into the air. The wind often carries the smoke far from the factories. Some of the harmful substances in the smoke may come down with the rain hundreds of miles away.
      The rain in many places isn't natural and clean any more. It’s full of acid chemicals. When it falls in lakes, it changes them too. The lakes become more acidic. Acid water is like vinegar or lemon juice. It hurts when it gets in your eyes. It also kills the plants and animals that usually live in lake water. That is why the fish are dying in lakes.
      But dead fish may be just the beginning of the problem. Scientists are finding other effects of acid rain. In some large areas trees are dying. Not just one tree here and there, but whole forests. At first scientists couldn't understand why. There were no bugs or diseases in these trees. The weather was not dry. But now they think that the rain was the cause. Acid rain is making the earth more acidic in these areas. Some kinds of trees cannot live in the soil that is very acidic.
      Now scientists are also beginning to study the effects of acid rain on larger animals. For example, they believe that some deer in Poland are less healthy because of acid rain. If deer are hurt by the rain, what about people? This is the question many people are beginning to ask. No one knows the answer yet. But it is an important question for us all.
1). Every year thousands of species of animals ____.
A. are hunted for their meat and skins
B. migrate to other places
C. starve to death
D. die out
    
2). Acid rain is caused by____.
A. natural gas
B. the oone(臭氧)layer depletion(损耗)
C. acidic lake water
D. emissions of industrial enterprises
     
3). Which of the following is true?
A. Dead fish in lakes is the only problem caused by acid rain.
B. Scientists are sure that acid rain is not harmful for mankind.
C. If we don't make an attempt to stop acid rain we may never see some animals again.
D. There's no reason to worry about several trees that died of some unknown disease.
     
4). What is not mentioned in the text?
A. Acid rain is capable of dissolving(分解) some rocks and stones.
B. Fish are unable to live in the water containing acidic chemicals.
C. Coal, oil or gas form dangerous combinations after being burnt.
D. Scientists think that if some larger animals can be affected by acid rain, people may be in great danger.
     
5). Factory smoke.____
A. stays over the factories
B. is usually clean now
C. turns into air
D. can travel hundreds of miles
      
                                                               (C)
  Why are so many people so afraid of failure? Quite simply, because we forget that failure is part of the human condition and every person has the right to fail.
      Most parents work hard at either preventing failure or protecting their children from the knowledge that they have failed. One way is to lower standards. A mother describes her child’s hand-made table as “perfect” even though it doesn’t stand still. Another way is to shift(转移) blame. If John fails science, his teacher is unfair or stupid.
      The trouble with failure-prevention devices(策略) is that they leave a child unequipped for life in the real world. The young need to learn that no one can be best at everything, no one can win all the time --- and that it’s possible to enjoy a game even when they don’t win. A child who’s not invited to a birthday party feels terrible, of course. But parents should not offer a quick consolation(安慰) or say, “It doesn’t matter.” because it does. The young should be allowed to experience disappointment and be helped to master it.
      Failure is never pleasurable. It hurts grown-ups and children alike. But it can make a positive(积极的) contribution to your life once you learn to use it.
      Don’t blame someone else. Ask yourself what you did wrong, how you can improve. If someone else can help, don’t be shy about asking. Success is not nearly as good a teacher as failure. You can learn from a bad party how to give a good one. Even a failure that seems definitive can prompt fresh thinking, a change of direction. After 12 years old of studying ballet, a friend of mine interviewed for a professional company. She was turned down. In such cases, the way to failure is to use failure is to take stock(鉴定) bravely asking “What else can I do?”. My friend put away her shoes and moved into a dance treatment center, a field where she’s both able and useful. Failure frees one to take risks because there’s less to lose. Often there is recovery(恢复) of energy—a way to find new possibilities.
1). The second paragraph mainly tells us .
A. how parents encouraged their children when they had failed
B. how most parents responded to their children’s failure
C. how to shift blame
D. how to properly prevent children’s failure.
    
2). According to the text, what should a child know in the real world?
A. He should be equipped for life.
B. No one can be best at all the time at everything.
C. No parents should offer quick consolations.
D. He can get pleasure from failure as well as success.
     
3). The underlined word “prompt” in the last paragraph can be best replaced by .
A. improve
B. prevent
C. continue
D. cause
    
4). Which of the following is not true? Failure is .
A. part of human condition.
B. not always a bad thing
C. never pleasurable
D. destroying all our life
     
5). The writer mainly wants to tell us .
A. failure is never pleasurable
B. don’t blame someone else
C. failure can affect one’s life greatly once he learns to use it
D. failure frees everyone to take risks
     

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